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Garden Transmissions: Word / Image / Experience / Future CONFERENCE examines the ways that the export and importation of garden elements, their designs and styles, technology and maintenance, have created a continuum of knowledge transfer set at the intersection of nature and cultural expression. Enfolding these "transmissions", gardens have both invented new types and invigorated former models. Soon after its "discovery", the New World began to export ideas and plants that entered Europe as influential novelties. Europe itself efficiently exported its own garden traditions, subsequently modified after adaptation to landscapes with new environmental conditions. Garden transmissions such as these have contributed to the making of a world garden culture by providing the tools for achieving the fruitful cross-pollination and garden-making knowledge to mediate between nature and humans with repercussions in Sciences and Arts.

Transmissions were effected through the exchange of writings, images, and the direct contact with foreign cultures. Books, letters, and visual representations brought ideas to those who stayed at home, while visits to the great gardens of the world effected further transmissions. Over time groups of scholars, amateurs, and builders traveled to the sources of new ideas and fashions, to cities like Florence in the Cinquecento, to India in the seventeenth century, or to England and its gardens in the following century. The experience of the Grand Tour directed the European elite toward gardens to provide comfort, beauty, expertise in designing landscapes but also a strong relation with Nature.

Conference Curator

  • Cristina Castel-Branco Landscape architect, garden historian and professor

Scientific Comittee

  • Didier Wirth and Marco Martella Institut Européen des Jardins & Paysages
  • Anatole Tchikine Dumbarton Oaks
  • Marc Treib University of California, Berkeley
  • Teresa Andresen Portuguese Historic Garden Association

Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation

The Conferece will take place at Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in Lisbon, listed as National Monument in 2010. The Foundation was created in 1956 by the last will and testament of Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian, a philanthropist of Armenian origin who lived in Lisbon between 1942 and the year of his death, 1955. Established in perpetuity, the Foundation’s main purpose is to improve the quality of life through art, charity, science, and education. Sessions will be held in Auditorium 2 in the congress area.

Address: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Avenida Berna 45, 1067-001 Lisboa

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We are anxious for welcome you at Conference Garden Transmissions 2021.

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