Recently, garden historians have studied the subjects of influence, adoption, and adaptation, and suggest it is time to consider the massive shift in the way that transmissions have evolved in the twentieth century propelled by digital communications and educational systems. At this two-day conference, garden historians and landscape architects from Europe and North America will relate the past to today and to the future, and provide insights to help us better understand the way the transmission of garden knowledge has shaped the sites in the past and in the times in which we live. As the future has arrived clumsily in 2020, we cannot avoid looking at the ground upon which the battle over the Earth’s very existence will be fought, a battle for which a knowledge of the life science and the natural environment design and ethics, will be crucial.

Speakers Biography

Knowledge transfer through gardens


GUILHERME D’OLIVEIRA MARTINS Gulbenkian Foundation Board Member. Born on 1952. Master Degree in Juridical and Economic Science (University of Lisbon) Honoris Causa by University Lusíada (june 2016) Honoris Causa by University Aberta (september 2016) Honoris Causa by Institute of Social and Political Sciences (october 2016). Present Positions : Trustee of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. President of the Grand Council of the CNC – Centro Nacional de Cultura (National Centre for Culture). Chairman of the Fiscal Council of Caixa Geral de Depósitos. University Professor at the University Lusíada and the Technical University of Lisbon. Correspondent member of the Portuguese Academy of Sciences. Member of the Portuguese Naval Academy. Member of merit of the Portuguese Academy of History. Previous Positions : President of the Tribunal de Contas (Portuguese Court of Auditors). National Coordinator of the European Year of Cultural Heritage 2018. President of the Council for the Prevention of Corruption. President of EUROSAI. President of the Contact Committee of the Heads of the Supreme Audit Institutions of the European Union. General-Auditor of the Assembly of the West European Union. First Vice President of EUROSAI. Minister of Presidency. Minister of Finance. Minister of Education. Secretary of State for Educative Administration. Member of the Portuguese Parliament. Vice-Chairman of the Parliamentary Group of the Socialist Party. President of SEDES (Association for Economic and Social Studies). Vice-President of the Portuguese National Commission for UNESCO. Political Adviser of the President of the Republic. Secretary General of the Portuguese Committee of the European Cultural Foundation. Head of Cabinet of the Minister of Finance. Member of the European Convention on the Future of the Europe. President of the Steering Committee of the Council of Europe, which has adopted the Framework Convention on the Value of Heritage for Society (in Faro, Portugal).

Conference Scientific Board


CRISTINA CASTEL-BRANCO is a landscape architecture and Professor at the University of Lisbon,as Fulbright–ITT student, she received a MLA from U. Mass and a doctorate focused on garden history. She has published on subjects in landscape architecture history, restoration, and ecological design. She served as President of the Board and founder of the Historic Gardens Association, the Botanical Garden of Ajuda and is a Member of the Unesco-Icomos cultural landscapes. She maintains a professional practice in Lisbon; the ACB studio with prizes since 1990. She was granted the award of Officier des Arts et des Lettres in 2015 and the Japanese Government Praise of Merit in 2020.


MARC TREIB is Professor of Architecture Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley and a historian and critic of landscape and architecture who has published widely on modern and historical subjects in the United States, Japan, and Scandinavia. Recent books include Landscapes of Modern Architecture: Wright, Mies, Neutra, Aalto, Barragán; Austere Gardens; The Landscapes of Georges Descombes: Doing Almost Nothing; and Thinking a Modern Landscape Architecture, West and East: Christopher Tunnard, Sutemi Horiguchi.


MARCO MARTELLA is a writer, gardener and garden historian. Born in Italy, he lives and works in France. In 2010 he has created the journal Jardins (https://lespommessauvages.fr) that explores the philosophical, literary and artistic dimensions of gardens. His books have been published in France, Italy and Spain. Since 2003 he has been in charge of the promotion of the “green heritage” of the Département des Hauts de Seine and has organised international conferences on the art and the history of gardens. He is a member of the scientific committee of the European Institute of Gardens and Landscapes. (https://lespommessauvages.fr/)


DIDIER WIRTH was born in 1941, after École Polytechnique, began in pharmaceutical chemistry for Hoechst. In 1975, he founded ISOCHEM and sold to S.N.P.E. in 1996. Already Vice-President of the International Dendrology Society, he restored the gardens of Brécy from 1992 to 2002 with his wife. He created the Union des Parcs et Jardins de Basse-Normandie and became chairman of the Comité des Parcs et Jardins de France in 2002. He contributed to the creation in 2003 of "Rendez-vous aux Jardins", "Jardin Remarquable" and the Conseil National des Parcs et Jardins within the French Ministry of Culture. In 2008, he created Fondation des Parcs et Jardins de France to develop the art of gardens in France and in 2013 started Institut Européen des Jardins & Paysages (http://europeangardens.eu)to disseminate knowledge on gardens throughout Europe.


ANATOLE TCHIKINE is curator of rare books at Dumbarton Oaks, an institute of Harvard University. A specialist on early modern Italy, he works on the history of fountain design, botanical gardens, and collecting and representations of nature. He is the author, with Pierre de la Ruffinière du Prey, of Francesco Ignazio Lazzari’s “Discrizione della Villa Pliniana”: Reimagining Antiquity in the Landscape of Umbria (2021) and coeditor of The Botany of Empire in the Long Eighteenth Century (2016) and Military Landscapes (2021).


TERESA ANDRESEN, Landscape architect and agronomist (1982),PhD (1992). She taught in higher education for 30 years. Since 2014 she has been engaged in consultancy, with a focus on protected areas, metropolitan parks and World Heritage. Member of the National Council for the Environment and Sustainable Development since 2013. Chairman of the Board of AJH - Portuguese Association of Historical Gardens since 2017. Winner of the first G. Ribeiro Telles Prize in 2020.

The Western Culture


MICHAEL JAKOB teaches History and Theory of Landscape at hepia, Geneva, and aesthetics of design at HEAD, Geneva. He is a visiting professor at Politecnico di Milano and at the Accademia di Architettura in Mendrisio. His teaching and research focus on landscape theory, aesthetics, the history of vertigo, contemporary theories of perception and the poetics of architecture. He is the curator of international exhibitions and the author of documentary films on landscape.

Ana Kučan

ANA KUČAN is professor of landscape architecture at the Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana. She earned a PhD inlandscape architecture at University of Ljubljana and a MLAUD at Harvard University Graduate School of Design. She runs Studio AKKA, landscape architecture and urban design studio and has designed a number of award-winning projects. She has also asserted herself as an editor and author.


EMMANUEL DUCAMP is an Art historian and lawyer by training and has been travelling to Russia for more than thirty years, working extensively with Russian curators to create a series of books on Russian parks and palaces, the Decorative Arts and Works of Art from Russian collections. His interest in gardens was sparked by the celebrated French park « Le Bois des Moutiers », in Normandy, on the history of which he wrote a book with Flammarion in 1998. He is a member of the board of the Société des Amateurs de Jardins, and of the Conseil scientifique of the Institut Européen des Jardins et Paysages.


NATHALIE DE HARLEZ de Deulin - Garden historian, PH.d in History, Art and Archaelogy. She led the Inventory of parks and gardens of Wallonia and coordinates preliminary studies on Historic Gardens. She teaches History and Architecture of garden, Landscape study and analysis. She is member of the Royal Commission of Monuments, sites and excavation in Wallonie, member of the International scientific comity for Cultural Landscapes of Icomos and member of the scientific council of European Institute for Gardens & Landscapes.


ADA SEGRE is an agronomist, garden historian and conservator, trained in Israel at the Hebrew University, in Italy at the University of Bologna and in the UK at York University. She wrote a doctoral thesis by the title: Horticultural Traditions and the Emergence of the Flower Garden in Italy (1550-1650 c.) Her field of research and professional activity focuses on Italian renaissance gardens, historical planting design and design techniques as well as on early 20th c. designed landscape in Israel. She has been involved in the planning of the conservation of the following historic gardens: the Secret Gardens at the Villa Borghese in Rome (2000), (…)

From East to Europe


DAVID JACQUES specialises in the history and theory of landscape. His first publication on the question of Chinese influence on English gardens was published in 1990, and is a theme returned to in his forthcoming book on Chiswick House Gardens: 300 Years of creation and Re-Creation. He has published several other books on garden history and on the theory of landscape appreciation.

From Europe to the West


THERESE O'MALLEY, Ph.D., Associate Dean, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art. Washington DC. An art historian, O’Malley studies 18th to 20th century gardens and landscapes and the transatlantic exchange of plants, people and ideas. Past president of the Society of Architectural Historians, she is advisor to the U. S. Ambassadors Fund for Cultural Preservation and directs a digital project based on her book Keywords in American Landscape Design, https://heald.nga.gov. (https://heald.nga.gov/)

MÓNICA LUENGO - Art Historian and Landscape Architect • Vicepresident of IFLA • Her field of expertise is linked to theory and practice of cultural landscapes and to the research, restoration, conservation and management of historic gardens. • She has also developed work related to World Heritage consultancy and organized seminars, exhibitions and has lectured internationally on cultural landscapes • Her publications include historic gardens, restoration, cultural landscapes, etc. • She is principal of ATP, landscape architecture office

Education Transmissions

IRIS LAUTERBACH studied Art History, French and Romance philology at the universities of Mainz, Pavia (Collegio Ghislieri) and Paris (Paris IV); 1985 PhD, dissertation on French gardens in the second half of the 18th century; 1986-1987 assistant curator at the Staatliche Museen Preußischer Kulturbesitz Berlin; 1987-1989 assistant teacher at the Institute of Christian Archaeology, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau; 1989-1991 postgraduate fellow at the Bibliotheca Hertziana, Rome (Max-Planck-Institut). (…)

LUIGI LATINI is a landscape architect and teaches Landscape Architecture at the Iuav University in Venice. He has conducted research at the University of Florence, where he was awarded a PhD in Landscape; he has been associated with the Fondazione Benetton Studi Ricerche, Treviso since 1998 where he is currently chairman of the Scientific Committee and member of the board with the position of director.

ANA CATARINA ANTUNES - Graduated in Landscape Architecture and completed her doctoral degree in Landscape Architecture and Urban Ecology, in 2019, at Porto University with a thesis titled ‘The German influence in the genesis of Landscape Architecture in Portugal’. From 2017 to 2020, she taught in higher education and was a member of the board of AJH - Portuguese Association of Historical Gardens. Since 2019, she works as a landscape architecture consultant.

Design Transmissions


THORBJÖRN ANDERSSON has practiced landscape architecture since 1981. He has been author or co-author of numerous essays and several books. An elected member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Fine Arts, he is currently professor at SLU in Ultuna, Sweden. Academic experience also includes visiting professorships at the GSD at the Harvard University, Cambridge (2001); the EPFL in Lausanne, Switzerland (2004); and the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign (2006).


JOÃO NUNES is a landscape architect with a great passion for drawing and understanding the processes of the world. Founder of PROAP, whose philosophy is to interpretate the mechanisms of the Landscape, within which the Project is introduced as an integral part of the process of transformation of the world. His professional and teaching activities intertwine and contribute to the development of Architettura in Mendrisioand a Visiting Professor at international universities.


FERNANDO CARUNCHO, Spanish landscape designer born in 1957, began to study Philosophy and continued his studies of Landscaping at the Escuela de Batres gardening school. In 1979, at the age of 22, he began his professional activity. Among 42 years, he has performed both private and public projects, from private gardens to landscape planning interventions. The first years of his activity focused mainly in Spain. Since 2000, his studio has gained greater international projection by developing numerous projects in USA, Japan, Morocco, New Zealand, France, Uk, Italy, Greece (…)

Future Transmissions


VIRIATO SOROMENHO-MARQUES (1957) is full Professor of Philosophy at the University of Lisbon. He is correspondent member of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences, (2008) and member from the Marine Academy (2012). Since 1978 he has been engaged in the civic environmental movement and public policies in Portugal and Europe. He writes and speaks intensely on philosophy, environmental issues, federalism and EU politics.


DIRK SIJMONS (1949) is one of the founders of H+N+S Landscape-architects. Sijmons was appointed first State Landscape Architect of the Netherlands (2004-2008). He held the chair of Environmental Design (2008-2011) and that of Landscape Architecture (2011-2015) at TU-Delft. He was curator of IABR--2014 themed Urban-by-Nature. At the World Design summit 2017 in Montreal he received the IFLA sir Geoffrey Jellicoe award.

JOSÉ MIGUEL LAMEIRAS - Landscape Architect (PhD), Assistant Professor in Landscape Architecture (Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto). Researcher at the Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources (CIBIO). His research focuses on urban regeneration and Nature based solutions, with a special interest on the use of digital technologies for landscape design. Coordinator for CIBIO in the H2020 project URBiNAT. Has been involved in several landscape design projects, including the University Campus Parks of Asprela (Porto).